What is a “Bootable SD-Card”?
- A “Bootable SD-Card” is an SD-Card that has a bootloader installed on it.
- A “Bootable SD-Card” is also known as a “Boot-Disk”, and your target device will be able to boot from the SD-Card, as though it were the onboard eMMC storage.
Why do we need a “Bootable SD-Card”?
- A “Bootable SD-Card can be used to speed up the development process.
- If you want to release ROM for an SD-Card, the Bootable SD-Card can be used during your development process.
- In some extreme cases, when your target-device is unable to boot from the eMMC (e.g. damaged bootloader), you can use a Bootable SD-Card to do your system/file recovery.
Note: The operation of VIM1, VIM2 and VIM3 is almost the same, so this document will take VIM1 as an example.
Download U-Boot (VIM1/VIM2/VIM3) or build U-Boot to get the bootloader blob for your SD-Card.
No matter which method you choose, you need to keep in mind that there are different bootloader blobs for different boot disks/media:
- U-Boot blob
u-boot.bin.sd.binis built for SD-Cards
- U-Boot blob
u-boot.binis built for eMMC Storage
Insert the SD-Card into your PC, and make sure the disk is unmounted:
$ umount /dev/sdX1
Format the SD-Card as Fat32:
$ sudo mkfs.vfat /dev/sdX1
dd to write the U-Boot blob into the first sector of SD-Card:
$ sudo dd if=u-boot.bin.sd.bin of=/dev/sdX conv=fsync,notrunc bs=1 count=444 $ sudo dd if=u-boot.bin.sd.bin of=/dev/sdX conv=fsync,notrunc bs=512 skip=1 seek=1
Eject the SD-Card from your PC:
$ sudo eject /dev/sdX
Note: Please replace
sdX with the correct one on your PC.
Open a terminal and type the
$ kermit Connecting to /dev/ttyUSB0, speed 115200 Escape character: Ctrl-\ (ASCII 28, FS): enabled Type the escape character followed by C to get back, or followed by ? to see other options. ----------------------------------------------------
Insert the Bootable SD-Card you created previously, into your target device and power-on. The terminal should print this out:
GXL:BL1:9ac50e:a1974b;FEAT:ADFC318C;POC:3;RCY:0;EMMC:0;READ:0;CHK:AA;SD:0;READ:0;0.0;CHK:0; no sdio debug board detected TE: 194208 BL2 Built : 13:48:56, Sep 23 2016. gxl g7459bd4 - jianxin.pan@droid06 set vcck to 1120 mv set vddee to 1000 mv Board ID = 6 CPU clk: 1200MHz DQS-corr enabled DDR scramble enabled DDR3 chl: Rank0+1 @ 792MHz - PASS Rank0: 1024MB(auto)-2T-11 Rank1: 1024MB(auto)-2T-11 DataBus test pass! AddrBus test pass! Load fip header from SD, src: 0x0000c200, des: 0x01400000, size: 0x00004000 New fip structure! Load bl30 from SD, src: 0x00010200, des: 0x01100000, size: 0x0000d600 Load bl31 from SD, src: 0x00020200, des: 0x10100000, size: 0x00015400 Load bl33 from SD, src: 0x00038200, des: 0x01000000, size: 0x000a3400 NOTICE: BL3-1: v1.0(debug):2e39a99 ...